Genetic identification and insights for hemp and cannabis.
Drive business growth with genetic insights
The Phylos Genotype Test is a powerful tool for understanding and improving your plants. Get a unique genetic ID and report for every plant you test, showing identical clone matches, how they’re related to varieties around the world, and insight into their breeding potential.
Defend your IP
Defend your intellectual property and document the possession of your cannabis varieties with a time-stamped report and unique ID in the Phylos Galaxy, which may be considered a form of defensive IP.
Build a Trusted Brand
Get a listing on the Phylos Galaxy, the world’s largest database of genetic insights for hemp and cannabis. Every Phylos Genotype Test includes placement in the Phylos Galaxy with a shareable link to your constellation—a custom view of your varieties.
Support Open Data
You can opt in to sharing your sequence data with the National Center for Biotechnology Information, which helps drive research. We will never share your data without your permission. Contact firstname.lastname@example.org to update your data sharing preferences.
How it works
Order sample collection kits online or contact our Sales Team for bulk discounts.
Prepare a piece of stem following our step-by-step instructions. Instructions can be found with your purchase or reference our online or video instructions.
Send samples to our laboratory for testing.
Your results will be ready within 8 weeks dependent on receipt and verification of samples. Contact our Support Team for more information on testing schedules.
Tyson HaworthSofresh Farms
For me, defensive IP is the most important benefit of the Phylos Genotype Test. It also allows growers to start from the same baseline so we can legitimately compare growing style and product quality.
Kevin JodreyWonderland Nursery
When a customer grows a Wonderland clone and it works perfectly in their environment, they’re guaranteed that they can buy the exact same plant that brought them success. Phylos Genotype makes this possible.
Alan WadeMaster Grower & AW Cannabis
This is an excellent resource for a breeder! Genetic variation shows how true breeding our cultivars are and which genetics will yield the highest number of phenotypes. In line breeding, this is highly valuable information.
$295 per kit. Contact us for bulk pricing!
We’ll ship your paid order within 1-2 business days (M-F). Please contact us immediately at 503-206-6599 EXT 1 if you have questions about your shipping details.
One. Each kit contains what you need to submit a sample from a single plant.
We need 0.50 g of thin, dried stem material from a single plant with a diameter no larger than 3-5 mm. If using fresh stem, we need 1.00 g as the material will lose weight as it dries. Do not send flower.
Be sure to read the instruction card included in your kit carefully before beginning to collect samples. Instructions can be found with your purchase or reference our online or video instructions.
Your stem sample should be placed in the envelope included in your sample collection kit and mailed to our laboratory. Do not return samples in the plastic washing tube.
NOTE: Our lab is closed on weekends, so plan for your samples to arrive on a Monday or Tuesday to avoid weekend gaps.
Yes! International shipping times vary by carrier and destination. Standard international shipping typically takes 5-10 business days to reach your country and then must clear customs (timeline varies by country).
Expedited shipping options are available upon request for an additional fee.
You are responsible for any VAT, tariff, duty, taxes, handling fees, customs clearance charges, etc. required by your country for importing consumer goods. We do not collect this beforehand, and cannot give you an estimate of the cost - charges vary around the world.
Yes. We designed our collection methods to ensure the stems are legal for shipping.
By submitting a sample to Phylos, you affirm it consists of mature plant stalk/thin stem only (and is therefore exempt from the Controlled Substance Act, part A, section 802.16) and have followed the instructions to ensure the stems are sterile (ISPM 32, Category 1), and incapable of harboring quarantined pests (as required by Plant Protection Act, 7 USC § 7701).
How We Test
Our Genotype Test uses a BeadArray machine that reads cannabis DNA to identify DNA present at certain points on the genome. We refer to this data set as the underlying identifying DNA data. Comparing points on the genome allows us to distinguish each individual variety, provide customers with relational information, and assign a location in the Phylos Galaxy.
No, until December 1st, 2019, customer samples were genotyped using Illumina’s TruSeq Custom Amplicon (TSCA) Kits and sequenced on a NextSeq 500. We originally developed the BeadArray to process our own germplasm samples for breeding. In October 2019, the supplier who sells the reagents for TSCA stopped selling those kits. In order to continue supporting customers, we have moved customer testing to the BeadArray as of December 1st, 2019. For customer samples, we only analyze the same SNPs (approximately 2,000 SNPs) that are used to generate the Genotype Report and Phylos does not use the additional data for any analysis. Additionally, our proprietary data and customer data is sequestered and stored separately.
We extract DNA from stem tissue and prepare the DNA for genotyping. Genotype data is then analyzed by our automated pipeline, quality checked, represented on the Phylos Galaxy, and in Genotype Reports. Any remaining sample is disposed of after 12 months.
No. Ownership of varieties is highly confidential and protected information. However, you may elect voluntarily to share your ownership in the Phylos Galaxy, which would release Phylos from any further requirement of confidentiality on any information you voluntarily publish.
The Genotype test analyzes approximately 2000 SNP/marker locations and benchmarks your genotype samples in comparison to other samples from the Phylos Galaxy.
No. It is not scientifically possible to recreate viable germplasm (live plants) from the samples submitted for testing.
No. By law only an inventor or owner of a variety can apply for patent protection of the variety.
You will receive a comprehensive genetic report and a unique identification for your variety. Report insights include closest genetic relatives, genetic variation, heritage, and a uniqueness score. Your plant data will also be added to the Phylos Galaxy, the world’s largest database of genetic insights for hemp and cannabis.
Based on our testing schedule, you will receive results within 8 weeks dependent on receipt and verification of samples. Please contact us at email@example.com or 503-206-6599 ext. 1 for an estimated timelines of results.
We use genetic similarity to determine if two samples are clones. Genetic similarity tells us how alike two samples are by comparing their DNA and counting the differences between them. Samples must be at least 99% genetically identical to be considered clones.
Cannabis, like humans, has two similar copies of every part of their DNA. When you read the DNA sequence, the two copies have slight differences between them. Genetic variation (or heterozygosity), within one variety is the amount of difference between the two copies.
Two clones could have slightly different levels of genetic variation for a couple of reasons. First, one sample could be missing a few data points that are in the other sample. Second, there is technical variation introduced during processing of the sample, which can contribute slight differences in otherwise identical samples. Third, if two clonal lines were separated a long time ago, they can have what is called soma-clonal variation. As the plants grow, their cells divide and during every cell division the DNA is copied. These copies are almost identical, but some errors happen during the copying process, which leads to slight differences between clonal lines.
Inbreeding reduces genetic variation and increases trait persistence. If a line is inbred, the siblings will have very low levels of genetic variation. Most cloning is in lines with higher levels of genetic variation. Cloning preserves the genetic variation and therefore clones can have high levels of genetic variation, but will be identical to each other.
We named groups by the varieties that are dominant with the group – the names are based on phenotype or a representative variety name. Skunk and OG Kush are two group names because they are older, well-known varieties that form distinct clusters. We have a group named CBD because many of the varieties in there have higher levels of CBD (e.g., Canna-tonic, AC/DC). We named a group Berry because there were many varieties with “berry” in their names that formed this group. Hemp also forms a distinct cluster. Finally, we have a group called “Landrace” because many of the samples are not known to be drug cultivars and were collected from natural populations. However, there are likely other landrace samples that would not be part of this cluster – we just haven’t sampled them yet!
Anyone can go to the URL on a Phylos Genotype seal and access all of the information available for that plant. This includes a genetic report and company profile.
All Phylos Genotype Tests include a time-stamped report, which may be considered a form of defensive IP.
Phylos Genotype tests alone do not make it possible to obtain a patent. That said, a time-stamped report can supplement a plant patent application filed by the creator of a unique plant.
No. There is currently no expiration for a Phylos Genotype variety.